Today we are going to talk about what will happen before 2050? Events, Disasters, Colonization, Asteroid Threat and everything that will happen before 2050.
Colonization of Mars
We’re not talking about an upcoming Sci-fi blockbuster. The colonization of Mars is a real possibility in the foreseeable future conditions on the surface of Mars are closer to the conditions on earth in terms of temperature and sunlight than on any other planet or moon. However the surface is not hospitable to humans or most known life forms due to the radiation extremely low air pressure and an atmosphere with only 0.1 percent oxygen this means that human survival on Mars would require it living in artificial environments with complex life support measures.
While NASA has said that the idea of making the surface of Mars habitable in the near future is not realistic. Billionaire Space X owner Elon musk disagrees. Musk is currently funding and developing a series of Mars bound cargo flights set to launch as early as 2022 followed by the first crewed flight to Mars in 2024.
During the first phase the goal will be to launch several spacecraft to transport and assemble a methane and oxygen propellant plant and build up a base in preparation for an expanded surface presence. It’s all with an eye towards the ultimate goal of getting humans to Mars by the 2030s. According to musk it could take anywhere between 40 and 100 years to ship enough people over to Mars to populate a city with 1M inhabitant.
Nuclear Fusion in nuclear physics nuclear fusion is a reaction in which 2 or more atomic nuclei are combined to form 1 or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles neutrons or protons. Fusion was accomplished in 1951 with the green house item nuclear test while nuclear fusion on a large scale in an explosion was first carried out on Nov 1, 1952 in the Ivy Mike hydrogen bomb test.
One of the biggest challenges of fusion energy has been sustaining the right amount of heat required to produce meaningful amounts of fusion power from plasma and no one has yet managed to build a commercial fusion reactor however a team of researchers from MTI has reported that with adequate federal funding a prototype nuclear fusion reactor could be tested within 30 to 40 years over the last few years.
Scientist at MIT and around the world have made significant progress toward developing ways to break up the tidal waves of heated plasma and reduce the escape of heat from charge gas. China has also made advances in planning for an experimental fusion power station called China fusion engineering test reactor that has started in 2020. While the European Union and Japan are currently building a powerful machine designed to harness the energy of fusion called GT-60SA. In other words we are close to achieving a system of unlimited clear energy that would finally solve all global warming issues.
Interstellar travel was nothing more than a theoretical possibility. However the exploration of other star systems may become reality sooner than you think. Russian Entrepreneur and Physicist Yuri Milner is currently funding the development of a fleet of Light sail spacecraft named Starship that will be capable of making the journey to Alpha Centauri Star System 4.37 light years away.
A flyby mission has been proposed to proxima Centauri B an earth sized exoplanets in the habitable zone of its host star proxima Centauri in the Alpha Centauri system at a speed between 15 percent and 20 percent of the speed of light. It would take between 20 and 30 years to complete the journey and approximately 4 years for a return message from the Starship to Earth. According to Miller the fleet would have about 1000 spacecraft and each one would be a very small centimetre sized vehicle weighing a few grams. He estimates the first fleet could launch by around 2036.
Ice Free Arctic
Ice free Arctic the loss of arctic sea ice is one of the clearest signs of human caused climate change and so far the Arctic Ocean has melted to its lowest extent ever recorded since satellites began measuring it in 1979. To make matters worse the region’s climate has seen temperatures increase at more than twice the rate of the rest of the world.
This means that ice free Arctic may happen much sooner than predicted so far. Sea ice is quite sensitive to temperature because it’s so thin and as temperatures warm it gets thinner. The thinner of the ice the higher the chances that summer melt will be enough to remove the ice. So unless the global community drastically lowers emissions of greenhouse gases to keep global warming below the Paris climate agreement threshold.
Ice free summers in the arctic are going to become common during our lifetimes. An ice free Arctic Ocean is often defined as having less than 1M square kilometres of sea ice and if this happens it would dramatically affect global weather patterns and increase the magnitude and frequency of storms. The arctic marine ecosystem would also be altered with the added sunlight affecting the Arctic Ocean, food web and melting the ice bed on which animals like polar bears and walrus hunt for food.
99942 Apophis Asteroid Threat
Before global warming brings humanity on the verge of extinction. A giant rock from outer space might wipe us all out. Asteroid the size of a small mountain called 99942 Apophis is hurtling towards earth through space and there’s a probability it will hit earth on April 13, 2029. Discovered in June 2004 Asteroid Apophis is about 370 meters in diameter and if it does make impact with our planet its explosive power would create the most powerful earthquake on record.
It is estimated that Apophis would make atmospheric entry with 750 megatons of kinetic energy. Using computer simulations scientists have estimated that the hypothetical impact of Apophis in countries such as Colombia and Venezuela which are in the path of risk could have more than 10M casualties. However the exact location of the impact would be known for weeks or even months in advance. Allowing any nearby inhabited areas to be completely evacuated and significantly decreasing the potential loss of life.
However if the asteroid hits Atlantic or Pacific oceans it would produce a tsunami with the potential destructive of roughly 1000 kilometres for most of North America. Brazil and Africa 3000 kilometres for Japan and 40500 kilometres for Hawaii.
Chocolate Extinction bad news for all of you chocolate lovers out there. Your favourite food may actually become extinct in a few decades. Cocoa plants are increasingly victims of fungal disease and climate change and back in 2010 the spread of witches broom, frosty pod and other fungal disease have essentially destroyed cocoa trees in Central America.
Their original natural habitat. Scientists are worried that these fungal diseases could jump to other parts of the world and completely wipe out the precious chocolate producing plant. The biggest problem is that cocoa plants are quite sensitive and need very specific conditions such as uniform temperatures high humidity abundant rain nitrogen rich soil and protection from the wind.
These conditions exist only in Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Indonesia which leaves the world’s chocolate supply vulnerable to even small changes in climate. In fact climate models predict by the year 2050 a 3.8 degree C or 2.1 degree C increase in temperatures and drier conditions will occur in these areas and may further shrink the possible cocoa growing areas. These trends suggest that chocolate may actually become extinct unless something is done about climate change.
Antibiotics Stop Working
According to a major 2016 UK study, urgent action is needed to control the use of antibiotics before they stop working and leave a number of major conditions untreatable. Resistance to antibiotics is growing at such an alarming rate that they risk losing effectiveness entirely. Which means that medical procedures such as caesarean sections joint replacements and chemotherapy could soon become too dangerous to perform an unless serious action is taken soon.
Drug resistant infections will kill 10M people a year by 2050. Drug resistant infections are thought to be growing due to over use of medicines such as antibiotics and anti-fungus treatments to treat minor conditions such as the common cold with over use resistance to the drugs builds up in some conditions become incurable. Research has also suggested that antibiotic use in pig farming is common is poor living conditions means such treatment is necessary to prevent infections spreading between livestock and that this passes down to humans through pork consumption increasing resistance levels further.
In the UK 45% of all antibiotics are given to livestock the study estimates that without action now the cost of antibiotic failure will be 100 Trillion between before 2050 and antimicrobial resistance might soon become a greater threat to mankind than cancer.
The Technological Singularity is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial super intelligence will trigger rampant technological growth. Resulting in unimaginable changes to human civilization according to this hypothesis an upgradeable intelligent agent such as a computer running software based artificial general intelligence would enter a runaway reaction or self-improvement cycles with each new and more intelligent generation appearing more and more rapidly causing an intelligence explosion and resulting in a powerful super intelligence that would ultimately surpass all human intelligence.
In the 2010s predominate public figures such as theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking expressed concerns that full artificial intelligence could result in human extinction in March, 2017 interview with the Times Magazine hawking said that an AI apocalypse was impending and the creation of some form of world government would be necessary to control the technology. He also expressed his concern about the impact AI would have on middle class jobs and even called for a complete ban on the development of AI agents for military use.
In his book the singularity is near. American futurist and director of engineering at Google Ray Cruz, predicts that by the year 2045 AI will have surpassed human beings as the smartest and most capable lifeforms on the planet and machines will have 18 equal legal status with organic humans who may even become a minority on earth.
Situations and circumstances keep changing but conflicts rarely end. Unfortunately in most cases it is war that ultimately leads to the division of borders and fights for independence have been ongoing for a long time in many parts of the world as a result the world may see the formation of new countries and borders in the near future.
Over the next decade or so a good number of regions may get the chance to go their own way and forge new states. We can’t say anything for sure east and west Libya unified Korea the Shetland and Orkney the United States of Europe and Somaliland are 5 new countries most likely to emerge by 2026.
Ever since Gaddafi was overthrown Libya has veered between extreme visions of what it should be multiple self-declared governments emerged. Each claiming to be the legitimate one. Amid all this chaos, east and west Libya have begun to pull apart from one another and it looks extremely likely that they will split into separate states while the idea of South Korea might one day reunified with North Korea seems like fantasy. It may not be as unlikely as you think in fact reunification is the official government policy in both North and South Korea.