Introduction of Bearded Vulture:
Traditionally bearded Vulture is considered an Old World vulture. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae in 1758 as Vulture barbatu. This bearded vulture eats broken bones. He flies thousands of kilometers each year looking for travelers to stalk for days on end. He is not like other vultures his diet does not contain flesh or skin, he has his own special recipe the bones. His stomach contains the most powerful digestive acid in the world.
The Difference from others:
This is the only bird in the world that feeds itself solely on bones. The acid concentration of the bearded vulture stomach has been estimated to be of pH about 1. Large bones will be digested in about 24 hours. His stomach contains the most powerful digestive acid in the world and he makes a light meal of what other discards.
How Bearded vulture eats bones:
First, he breaks the carcass into smaller pieces then he takes the chosen morsel 50 meters up in the air, next he drops it carefully on the rocks to break it in the desired size. It leaves almost nothing of the remains. Wolves are vulture favorite companion they offer the most bounty in a barren landscape.
It is the only known vertebrate whose diet consists almost exclusively (70 to 90 percent) of bone.
Ecology and Habitat:
The bearded vulture has reddish-yellow or white plumage on the head and breast with a gray-black tail and wings.
This bird is 94–125 cm (37–49 in) long
The Wingspan of 2.31–2.83 m (7.6–9.3 ft).
Laying one or two eggs in mid-winter that hatch at the beginning of spring. Breaded Vultures have an Average lifespan of 21.4 years but have been observed to live for up to at least 45 years.
Bearded vulture: a sign of prosperity
The bearded vulture is considered a threatened species in Iran. Iranian mythology considers the rare bearded vulture (Persian: هما, ‘Homa’) the symbol of luck and happiness. It was believed that if the shadow of a Homa fell on one, he would rise to sovereignty, and anyone shooting the bird would die in forty days. The habit of eating bones and apparently not killing living animals was noted by Sa’di in Gulistan published in 1258 and Emperor Jahangir had the crop examined in 1625 to find that it was filled with bones.
The increase in the human population and infrastructure results in the decline of the bearded vulture populations today. The increase of infrastructure includes the building of houses, roads and power lines and a major issue with infrastructure and bird species populations is the collision with power lines.